Vine – health itself

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Grapevines can be grown successfully in Poland. In the garden we can have  delicious and very healthy

Grapevine – Health itself!

Vines can be successfully cultivated in Poland. In the garden we can  have delicious and very healthy fruit at a very low cost.

Just the health itself!

The grapevine is a fruiting climber with delicious grapes. Some are also very decorative due to big or discolouring  leaves in autumn.

There are three reasons why grapevine is worth having:

• both fresh and processed grapes have valuable nutritional and health features (consisting of 70-85% of water, with 10-25% sugars, organic acids, proteins, pectins and minerals)

• fruits contain phenolic compound resveratrol, which prevents atherosclerosis, cancer and has antibacterial features

• eating grapes lowers blood cholesterol, has a good effect on the kidneys, liver and nervous system, stimulates appetite and the beneficial intestinal microflora

The position and soil:

The grapevine is a plant which enjoys warmth, requires warm, sunny positions, sheltered from the winds. Thrives the best in the south or south-west side (south-eastern side is also good for early maturing varieties). Light soil and humus is the perfect soil for cultivation.

Cutting:

Grapevine requires an annual cut, because it is fruiting on herbaceous shoots (the branches). Depending on the variety give it a short cut (up to 5 eyelets on a shoot), medium (6-8 buds on the shoot) and long (8-12 mesh on the shoot). Right after planting - ‘the low head’ Guyot cutting system should be chosen, on ropes, so that in 3-4 years we will enjoy delicious fruit.

Securing the bush for winter:

A heap of  earth or bark at the bottom, similarly to roses, before the first frost.

Division:

The grapevines are divided into 3 groups:

• dessert (delicious, sweet fruit, ready to eat raw), for example. Iza Zaliwska, Ontario, Suwile, Alden, Canadice, crisp Pink;

• processing (typically for processing: very tasty wine, juice, milk), for example. Chardonnay, Hibernal, Riesling, Seyval Blanc, Marechal Foch, Leon Millot;

• garden, bower type  (it has very decorative leaves, ideal for amateurs, very frost resistant), for example: Alden, Alwood, New York Muscat, Swenson Red;

There are also those that are ideal for both eating and processing, for example: Bianca, Chorus, Lidia.