Grapevine Nero 2L

Vitis Nero

General description :

The Nero grapevine is one of the most popular table grape cultivars in Poland - it grows vigorously and fruits abundantly. It is valued primarily for the taste of its grapes and the ease of its cultivation. Nero is the earliest-fruiting vine of all the dark-coloured grape varieties.

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General description

General description: The Nero grapevine is a Hungarian cultivar created by crossing the Medoc Noir and Csaba Gyoengye varieties. Due to it being an undemanding cultivar that has high disease resistance, it has become a popular choice in Poland.


Fruit: Nero’s grapes are large, spherical, navy blue in colour with a characteristic bloom. They have a tasty, sweet and delicate flesh. This variety’s fruit grow in large clusters.


Ripening: Nero’s grapes ripen exceptionally early - they are fully ripe by mid-August.


Leaves: This grapevine variety has quite large, lobed, green leaves that change colour in autumn.


Cultivation requirements: This grapevine requires a sunny and warm location. It prefers light, well-drained soil, and doesn’t like heavy, wet substrates. Seedlings should be planted every 1-1.5 meters, 10-15 cm deeper than in the pot they came in. Very small seedlings should be planted in a shallow hole and only covered wholly with soil in autumn. This significantly increases the frost resistance of grapevines and increases the efficiency of watering freshly planted vines.


Care: To build a powerful root system, grapevines need a lot of water. Caring for a newly planted seedling is basically limited to systematic watering. It is especially important to pay attention to watering in early summer and as the grapes ripen. Each young vine requires up to three buckets of water per watering, however attention should be paid to check if soil has not become too damp (that the vine has absorbed most of the moisture from the previous watering).


Pruning: In the first year after planting, it’s recommended to keep only one to three stems. In the following years, trimming depends on how the vine is to be shaped. Thinning out, in order to obtain high quality fruit, is advised. Generally, stems should be pruned to a moderate length and care should be taken whilst selecting which stems and shoots are to be cut, to leave well-fruiting ones on the plant. Pruning should be conducted near the very end of winter (at the turn of February and March) and during the growing season (summer).


Props: The Nero grapevine is perfect for growing on all kinds of fences, pergolas and arbours, trellises and other garden support structures.


Overwintering: The Nero grapevine withstands temperature drops of down to -20°C. Protecting young seedlings for the winter (for e.g., by using agrotextiles) is recommended. At the beginning of November, cover young seedlings by piling a mound of soil with peat about 30 cm in height over the plants. This not only insulates them from the cold, but also shields them against flooding during the thaw.


Origin: Hungary.

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Fragrant flowers
Fruit ripening

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