Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) Martin 1L

Amelanchier Alnifola Martin

General description :

The Martin saskatoon (serviceberry) variety is very similar to Thiessen. It bears large fruit that ripen evenly. It grows up to 4 m high. This variety was created by D. Martin, to whom it owes its name. Martin is very popular with Canadian growers. It’s recommended for commercial and amateur cultivation.

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General description

General description: Martin (Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Martin’) is a fruit shrub that grows up to 4 m high and about 3 m wide. It was introduced to cultivation in 1990 in Canada. It’s easy to grow and the fruit is delicious and healthy. Some mistakenly call the shrub the chuckley pear or western juneberry, but the real name Amelanchier comes from the French word "amelanche", which means "small apple" and the fruit of this shrub is indeed a small pome, and not a berry despite its appearance.


Flowers: Saskatoon flowers are dioecious i.e. they have both male and female organs. They are small, slightly fragrant, and grow in erect clusters. During blooming, the petals do not overlap and are strongly elongated. The flowers are about 2-3 cm wide and grow close together in numbers of 20-30.


Blooming: The blooming period lasts from seven to ten days. Come spring, flowers develop earlier than leaves, in the second half of April.


Leaves: Saskatoons are deciduous, dropping leaves for the winter and growing new foliage in spring. Fresh leaves have entire (smooth) margins, and older leaves develop very delicately serrated edges, usually in the top part of the leaf. They grow to around 2-5 cm long, and 2-4 cm wide.


Fruit: Martin bears black or purplish black, spherical fruit (pomes) up to 15 mm in diameter. Fruit clusters ripen evenly. Their flesh is soft and juicy, resembling blueberries in taste but with a delicate almond aftertaste. They are very tasty and great for making into jams and marmalades, syrups, and tinctures.


Cultivation requirements: This shrub can be used to improve the state of degraded natural areas due to its low soil requirements and high adaptability to growing on different soil types. Despite the fact that this plant tolerates light, permeable soils, it should be noted that in the case of commercial cultivation of serviceberries on soils poor in nutrients, the growth of shrubs after planting is slow, which delays their entry into the stage of full fruiting.


Pruning: Seedlings do not need pruning and neither do mature shrubs, apart from shaping and limiting growth (such pruning should be carried out at the end of winter). This variety is quite resistant to frost and diseases.


Overwintering: Martin does great in the Polish temperate climate. It’s recommended to cover young seedlings for the winter.


Origin: Canada.


Limitations: Due to phytosanitary regulations, this seedling cannot be shipped to Estonia, Spain, France, Italy, Latvia, Finland, Lithuania, Ireland, UK, Slovenia and Slovakia.

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